Communication skills are emphasized with the two-year-olds because of children's focus on language development. Stories and songs take on a greater significance, but are not as important as the dialogue between teacher and child.
Two years is a stage of independence and limit-testing. The proper balance of freedom of activity and decision making and adherence to appropriate limits set by staff is critical to successful development of self-esteem.
Social development is fostered somewhat through small group interaction, but dyadic relationships between children that are assisted by teachers provide the greatest opportunity for development.
Physical development is highlighted by the reinforcement of bipedal movement and expansion into more complex gross and fine motor activities, all of which are promoted by the maintenance of an appropriate environment, equipment and activities.
Toilet use usually occurs during this year. We take a relaxed approach and find that interest in participating with peers combined with positive reinforcement by teachers is a sufficient motivator for most children.
Cognitively, development is focused on language-related activities such as identification, counting, and measurement.
Every child develops and matures at his/her own pace.